/// NARIÑO COFFEE ///
Nariño coffee is one of the two coffees of origin in Colombia (Nariño coffee and Cauca coffee) that has a Denomination of Origin. Also Colombian coffee as such has protection of denomination of origin 100% Colombia.
In accordance with the defined limits of the application for recognition of the Denomination of Origin, the Nariño coffee is produced in 37 municipalities of the department and 3 municipalities in the south of the department of Cauca, all located in the Andes mountain range. The main coffee zones of the region are located around the Galeras volcano, known as "the western zone of Nariño" and to the south and east of the Río Patía canyon, known as "the northern zone" (FNC, Denominación - Nariño, 2012).
¿Why is the Nariño COFfEE DIFFERENT?
In the Nariño region, 90% of the main crop is harvested between April and July. In the highest areas the harvest goes until the middle of August; with an approximate harvest peak in the first fortnight of the month of June. The main flowering season occurs 90% between the months of September and October and is responsible for the harvest from April to July. There is a mitaca harvest that is equivalent to approximately 10% of the total production of the Department, which is collected between the months of December and January (FNC, Denomination - Nariño, 2012).
/// COFFEE SUBREGIONS ///
Because it is close to the equatorial line, with latitudes close to 0 degrees, Nariño coffee receives a relatively constant number of hours of sunlight throughout the year. Both because of its location and because of the geographical features and rugged mountains that make it up, coffee plants in the region are subject to aSEEage temperatures and daily ranges of temperature that have a clear effect on the flavor and aroma of Nariño coffee. The sun's rays enter perpendicularly to the coffee plants because they are SEEy close to latitude 0. The luminosity or solar radiation accelerates the conSEEsion of nutrients to sugars in the fruit, which translates into sweeter grains. On the other hand, the soils of the Andes of Nariño are derived from volcanic ash, and contribute to the permanence and sustainability of crops by providing a large number of basic nutrients for coffee production (FNC, Denominación - Nariño, 2012). Under these conditions Nariño coffee matures in 38 weeks and not at 36 weeks as in other regions in Colombia.
This gives the typical sweetness that characterizes Nariño coffee (Delgado, 2012). Apart from the geographical factor, which is a variable beyond the control of the coffee grower, there are factors such as good management in the production and the coffee benefit of Nariñenses coffee growers. There is an excellent quality of coffee in Nariño because they are smallholders, above all the family labor, harvesting only the ripe cherries. The families ensure an income flow during the harvest (Delgado, 2012). A disadvantage of small producers is that they do not manage the farm as a company, they do not keep records, nor do they know their production costs, so it is difficult to calculate profitability (Castillo, 2012). Nariño also managed to produce a consistent quality for seSEEal years, which makes the area attractive for coffee buyers (Ruiz C. J., 2012).
Source: Sistema de información Cafetera SIC
/// POSSIBLE CAUSES ///
"STRENGTHENING THE VALUE CHAIN OF HIGH QUALITY COFFEE IN THE NARIÑO DEPARTMENT"
A PROYECT BY:
(+57) 314 831 0407
Catolic Relief Services
Benavides, Paola &
Quality Team of CRS.
Governance of Nariño and Catholic Relief Services.